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Harlan Chronicles

John Marshall Harlan Community Academy High School is a public 4–year high school and middle school. Harlan is in the Roseland community area on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, United States. The school is a part of the Chicago Public Schools system. Opened in 1958, the school is named for Kentucky lawyer, politician, and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court John Marshall Harlan. In addition to being a neighborhood high school, Harlan serves middle school grades seventh and eighth.

In June 1957, the Chicago Board of Education approved work to begin building the new Harlan High School with a budget of $3.2 million bordered at 97th street and Michigan avenue. The school building was constructed in 18-months by a local Chicago construction company (Joseph J. Duffy company), and to accommodate between 1,800 to 2,000 students. In December 1957, community members and parents protested the lack of a swimming pool being built in the school, which resulted in a months of negotiations. The parents cited that another new school (Bogan High School) that was being constructed at the time was to receive a pool, and that Harlan should have the same facility. The school board stated that the schools are not architecturally alike, and it would cost more to construct a pool at Harlan rather than Bogan.

Months before its opening, Parents of Fenger High School filed a suit in circuit court requesting that the school board extend the school's attendance boundaries, affecting 300 Fenger students wanting to attend the new school. The suit was dismissed. The school opened for students in September 1958 at 9652 S. Michigan Avenue with an enrollment of 1,400. By April 1965, the school's enrollment was at 2,726 (88% above capacity); predominately African American (93%). Due to this, the school had to run 12-period days, five separate lunch periods and six mobile classrooms. The school's program attracted students living outside of its attendance area, cited as the cause of the overcrowding. In August 1985, the school was designated as a "community academy" and began accepting students outside its attendance area through the Option for Knowledge program. Harlan added the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) academic program in 2009.

Harlan competes in the Chicago Public League (CPL) and is a member of the Illinois High School Association (IHSA). Harlan's sports teams are known as the Falcons. The boys' basketball and track and field teams have each won three Public League championships (1963–64, 1965–66, 1966–67) and (1966–67, 1969–70, 1970–71) respectively. They were Public League cross country running champions in 1961–62 and baseball champions in 1992–93. Illinois statewide, the Falcon boys' won the state championship in track and field for 1966–67 season.

Wikipedia contributors. (2021, May 22). Harlan Community Academy High School. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:23, June 6, 2021, from

Wikipedia contributors. (2021, May 20). John Marshall Harlan. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 04:05, June 8, 2021, from